Criminal defense cases cover both criminal suits — charges brought by the government to punish an individual for an act classified as a crime — and civil suits — claims brought by individuals or organizations as a dispute over rights and duties.
Officers are not allowed to perform searches around a home using police dogs without a search warrant. A little over a month ago, The United States Supreme Court solidified this in Florida v. Jardines No. 11-564. In Jardines, an officer approached Jardines’ front porch with a drug-sniffing dog and waited for the dog to give a positive alert. Once the dog alerted the officer, the officer left the residence and used the canine alert as the main basis to obtain a search warrant for Jardines’ residence. In their opinion, the Supreme Court clearly stated that law enforcement’s “use of trained police dogs to investigate the home and its immediate surroundings is a search within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment”, and as such requires a valid search warrant.